EU environment ministers have agreed on plans that would see the aviation sector set a target of reducing emission 10% on 2005 levels by 2020, while shipping would have a 20% reduction target.
The plans will be presented at the climate change meeting in Copenhagen meeting in December as a basis for negotiating a global agreement.
UN regulatory agencies, the International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO) and the International Maritime Organisation (IMO), would be charged with achieving the reductions through market-based regulatory measures.
The move reflects the EU’s growing frustration with the ICAO and IMO’s lack of action on climate change. Last year the EU moved to include airlines using the region’s airports in the region’s emissions trading scheme.
The EU’s target for aviation and shipping come as part of wider plans that would aim to reduce emissions by 80-95% on 1990 levels by 2050 and increase interim 2020 targets from 20% to 30%.
Environmental groups, however, while they welcome the plans say that they do not go far enough.
“Under current proposals, shipping and aviation will actually be allowed to increase emissions by one third, compared to 1990 levels,” says Joris den Blanken of Greenpeace.
For further information:
Aviation emissions must be capped, UK Government told (10-Sept)
Shipping agrees to voluntary energy efficiency measures (22-Jul)
Aviation commits to carbon neutral growth (11-Jun)
Get a grip on international shipping carbon emissions, says report (4-Jun)
Airlines back carbon emissions trading scheme (7-Apr)
Aviation will be included in emissions trading, confirms EU (28-Oct 2008)
22 October 2009